Andy Warhol |1928 - 1987 , Born in Pittsburgh, United States

From a modest family originally from Slovakia, Andrew Warhol began studying graphic design in Pittsburgh in 1945, graduating in 1949. He then settled in New York, working as an illustrator for magazines such as Vogue and The New Yorker. Inspired by Pop Art, he began painting his first canvases of Popeye and Dick Tracy before turning in 1963 to the photographic silkscreen printing technique used in the advertising industry. This process, which involved mechanically transferring an image onto canvas, reducing it to its essential qualities, allowed him to work towards his main objective, where the ideal was identical reproduction.

It was taking part in a major exhibition of pop art and Nouveau Réalisme with Roy Lichtenstein that brought his art to the public's attention; in 1965 he made an official announcement that he was giving up making pictures to concentrate on making films, but he never did stop. The fundamental themes that concerned Andy Warhol were the image, its power within the consumerist society and its relationship with death. On 3 June 1968 he narrowly avoided death when Valerie Solanas, a militant feminist, emptied the cartridge of a gun on him in the lobby of his studio, the Factory. After this experience, he started his series of celebrity portraits that included Mick Jagger, Calvin Klein, Mao...

He died aged 58 years, and his work, where the repetition of images often referred to his own demise, are represented in major museums and galleries around the world.

  • Two White Mona Lisa 1980
  • Mao 1973
  • Lénine 1986